The Singapore River is the most famous river in Singapore with great historical importance. It tells the tale of Singapore – her rising fortunes from a fishing village to a trading port; her people who came as immigrants from the East and West and made Singapore their home; her vision and dreams as a global city of the future. Enjoy the intriguing blend of old and new, fiction and fact, cultures and traditions that is Uniquely Singapore. It flows from the Central Area which lies in the Central Region in the southern part of Singapore before emptying into the ocean. The immediate upper watershed of the Singapore River is known as the Singapore River Planning Area, although the northernmost part of the watershed becomes River Valley. As the Central Area is treated as a central business district, nearly all land surrounding it is commercial. It is the place where Sir Stamford Raffles made the 1st trading port in Singapore. The Raffles Landing Site behind Empress Place and beside the Singapore River, was where Sir Stamford Raffles landed on 29 January 1819 for his first visit, which lasted ten days. During this period, he concluded the first treaty with the local rulers. The site is denoted by a statue of Sir Stamford Raffles and is located on the north bank of the Singapore River. This is where the Port of Singapore had its early beginnings. The Plaque at the landing site reads "On this historic site, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles first landed in Singapore on 28th January 1819, and with genius and perception changed the destiny of Singapore from an obscure fishing village to a great seaport and modern metropolis." Clarke Quay, the name of a road along the quay, was named after Sir Andrew Clarke who was Singapore’s second Governor and Governor of the Straits Settlements from 1873 to 1875. The Singapore River has been the centre of trade since modern Singapore was founded in 1819. During the colonial era, Boat Quay was the commercial centre where barge lighters would transport goods upstream to warehouses at Clarke Quay. At the height of its prosperity, dozens of bumboats jostled for mooring space beside Clarke Quay. This continued well into the later half of the 20th century. By this time, the Singapore River had also become very polluted. The government decided to relocate cargo services to a new modern facility in Pasir Panjang. The bumboats and lorries departed to their new home and Clarke Quay fell silent. The government then cleaned up the Singapore River and its environment from 1977 to 1987. Plans were made to revamp the area and turn it into a flourishing commercial, residential and entertainment precinct. These plans took into serious consideration the historical value of Clarke Quay, making it mandatory that new buildings complement the historical character of the area and that certain old buildings be restored. Clarke Quay Festival Village, the biggest conservation project for the Singapore River, was developed and officially opened on 10 December 1993. From a humble bustling fishing village to a busy seaport, Clarke Quay has now been transformed into a delightful mix of modern and traditional, and prides itself as an ideal district to wine and dine amongst a host of majestic entertainment and culture.